Are you a student of class 10th and you are looking for NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Economics Chapter 5? Because this chapter is very important for the exam. Many questions from this chapter have come in the exam. Because of this, it is very important to know the question and answers of this chapter.
So students, after reading this article, you will get a lot of marks from this chapter in the exam, because the questions related to all the exams have been described in it, so definitely read it completely.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Economics Chapter 5 Consumer Rights
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Economics class 10 chapter 5 question answer
Very short answer type questions
1 What is a consumer?
Answer – When any person pays the price for any good or service, then he is called a consumer.
Name any two rights of the consumer.
Answer- Two rights of the consumer-
(a) Consumers have the right to protection. They can defend themselves from things that are dangerous to their life and property.
(b) The consumer has the right to choose the best things by looking at them.
3. What is meant by consumer exploitation?
Answer- Consumer exploitation means giving fewer goods to the consumers, giving substandard goods, counterfeit goods, adulterated goods, exchange of wrong information, etc.
4 What are the main duties of the consumer?
Answer- (a) They should buy only such goods on which ISI or AGMARK(Agmark) marked.
(b) The consumer must complain about his real problem to the appropriate department. Do it.
5 Why is consumer awareness necessary?
Ans- Consumer awareness protects consumers from exploitation. It protects their interests. It dispels their ignorance and doubts about things. It makes the consumers aware of their rights.
6 Why was the Consumer Protection Act 1986 enacted?
Answer – The Consumer Protection Act 1986 was made this law to protect the interests of consumers at the district, state, and national levels some committees could be formed to settle their disputes.
7. When is ‘World Consumer Rights Day’ celebrated?
Answer – World Consumer Rights Day is celebrated annually on 15 March.
8 What is the meaning of adulteration?
Answer- When some other harmful substance is mixed in a pure substance, then this action is called adulteration. This act has fallen beyond any measure. There is action.
9. Give two main reasons for the exploitation of consumers.
Answer- The two main reasons for the exploitation of consumers are as follows-
(a) illiteracy of the consumer class and lack of information,
(b) Adulteration and use of under-measured weights by traders.
10. When and where was the Declaration of 10 consumer rights made for the first time?
Answer- Consumer rights were first announced in America in 1962 AD.
11 What do you mean by COPRA?
Answer – By Copra we mean – Consumer Protection ActAct) |
Short answer type questions
1 Why are rules and regulations needed in the market? Explain with some examples.
Answer – Rules and regulations are needed in the market due to the following reasons-
(a) Protection of the consumer- Consumers are exploited in the market in many forms, such as under-weighing, giving adulterated goods, giving counterfeit goods instead of genuine ones, giving exaggerated or false advertisements, not providing timely protection, Giving false information about, charging more than the value, etc. There is a need for rules and regulations in the market to protect or protect the consumer from all these.
(b) Legal Protection- If a consumer is a victim of market exploitation, he can recover his compensation through the rules and regulations of the market.
2 What were the reasons for the beginning of the consumer movement in India? Find out about its development.
Answer – The consumer movement started in India due to the following reasons-
(a) Uncontrolled food shortage.
(c) black marketing,
(d) Adulteration of food articles and edible oil.
These factors led to the emergence of a systematic consumer movement in the 1960s. Happened. But till the 1970s, consumer organizations were mainly involved in writing articles related to consumer rights and organizing exhibitions.
He formed a Consumer Squad to keep a watch on overcrowding in road passenger transport and malpractices in ration shops.
It was the result of the consumer movement that in 1986, the Consumer Protection Act was implemented by the Government of India, which is commonly known as COPRA. This act is raised towards the consumersSecurityGaya is an important step.
3 Describe some of your duties as a consumer while visiting a market in your area.
Or, Describe the various duties of the consumers.
Or, how can consumers show their solidarity?
Ans- Consumers demonstrate their solidarity against the exploitation of their rights and
You can do it knowing your duties. They need to be aware. If consumers want their rights to be protected, then they shouldDuties also have to be fulfilled. Such duties are as follows-
(a) It is the duty of the consumers to check the quality of the goods while purchasing them from the market. It would be nice if they didn’t forget to take a guarantee.
(b) It would be appropriate and beneficial for the consumer to buy only those goods as far as possible on which ISI (ISI) or AGMARK(Agmark) mark is affixed.
(c) As far as possible, they must take the receipt of the purchased goods and services.
(d) Consumers must form their own consumer organizations so that together they can put forth their representation regarding consumer protection in front of the government.
(e) It is the main duty of the consumer that when a producer, trader, or shopkeeper tries to cheat him in any way, he should not remain silent, but must complain about it in the consumer court.
(f) It is the duty of the consumers to be aware of their rights and also use them when the opportunity arises.
4. Explain the need for consumer awareness by giving two examples. OR Why was there a need for the enactment of the Consumer Protection Act, of 1986?
Answer – Because consumers are different from producers, traders, and shopkeepers in many ways. They were cheated, so the government passed the Consumer Act in 1986. There was a great need for this activity due to many reasons-
(a) Consumer awareness is necessary because producers, traders, and shopkeepers can do any wrong thing by being motivated by their interests.
(b) The need for consumer awareness was felt more when some unscrupulous traders started playing with the lives of common people and started adulterating ghee, oil, milk, butter, khoya, spices, etc. What could be worse than this? Any Govt producers. Can’t tolerate this arrogance of traders or shopkeepers. Taking a higher price is not as harmful as adulteration of food and drink. Hence there is a great need for consumer awareness.
5. Suppose you buy a bottle of honey and a packet of biscuits. Which logo or mark would you look for while buying and why?
Answer- If we buy a bottle of honey and a packet of biscuits, then we must see any one mark or logo of ISI, Agmark, or Hallmark on them while buying. Otherwise, there will always be a possibility of consumers like us getting counterfeit goods. These marks or logos of ISI, Agmark, or Hallmark indicate Proof that the items we are buying are pure and genuine.
6 Describe the rights of consumers given in the Consumer Protection Act 1986. Or, state the rights of the consumers and on each might write a few lines.
Answer- According to the Consumer Protection Act 1986 AD, given to the consumersThe rights are as follows-
(a) Right to safety- The consumer has the right to protect himself from the sale of goods that are dangerous to his life and property.
(b) Right to Information- Under this, quality, quantity, purity, standard, and price come.
(c) Right to choose – To choose by looking at different things Right.
(d) Right to be heard Appropriate institutions/organizations related to the interests of the consumer pay full attention to the problems of the consumers.
(e) the right to deal with complaints, to properly diagnose and complain against the exploitation of consumers and their unfair business practices.To settle
(f) Right to consumer education – In this, topics related to consumer interest and item information are included.
7 Review the progress of the consumer movement in India.
Ans- The consumer movement started due to the indiscriminate cheating of various types of consumers by producers, traders, and shopkeepers. Till when people could tolerate this injustice.
Sometimes they had to face adulteration in oil, ghee, sugar, etc., sometimes they had to eat pulses and spices with stones, and sometimes they got less weight but every time they were charged an unfair price.
Everything has a limit, after exceeding the limit, it becomes natural to raise a movement. Finally fed up, the consumers started their movement against this economic exploitation in the 1960s. Finally, the government had to pass the Consumer Protection Act in 1986.
8 Discuss some of the reasons why a consumer is exploited?
Answer- The following are the main methods of exploitation of the consumer-
(a) Measure fewer goods.
(b) By producing inferior goods.
(c) Fixation of higher/higher price
(d) by making counterfeit articles.
(e) by producing adulterated goods
(f) by lack of safety equipment.
(g) By creating Artificial Scarcity.
(h) by providing incorrect or incomplete information.
(i) by lack of after-sales service.
Long answer type questions
1 What legal parameters should be implemented by the government to enable consumers in India? Or, explain the importance of the Consumer Protection Act of 1986. Why passed?
Ans- Many legal norms were implemented by the government in this context. These include the Consumer Protection Act, of 1986. The government has passed other Acts
Several provisions have also been amended. These measures are-
(a) The Consumer Protection Act is applicable to all goods and services except certain specified items.
(b) All economic sectors come under it.
(c) The provisions of this Act are compensatory, protective, and punitive in nature.
(d) It ensures all the rights of the consumers.
(e) Consumer Protection Councils have been set up at the district, state, and national levels to promote and protect the rights of consumers.
(f) A three-tier judicial system has been established at the district, state, and national levels for easy, quick, and cheap settlement of consumer disputes.
Class 10 Economics
Class 10 Economics MCQs
कक्षा 10 अर्थशास्त्र Notes In Hindi
कक्षा 10 अर्थशास्त्र MCQs In Hindi
Q. Name the two organizations which give certification of standardization in India.
Answer- (a) Indian Standards Institute, (b) Egmark.
Q. Which organization is there to determine the standard of international foodstuff?
Answer – ISO (Internal Organization for Standardization) whose office is in Geneva.
Q. Names of consumer courts at district, state, and national levels write
(a) District Photography,
(b) the State Consumer Commission,
(c) National Consumer Commission