Are you a student of class 10th and you are looking for important question answers in Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes Civics Chapter 7?
this chapter is very important for the exam. Many questions from this chapter have come in the exam. Because of this, it is very important to know the question and answers to this chapter.
So students, after reading this article, you will get a lot of marks from this chapter in the exam, because the questions related to all the exams have been described in it, so definitely read it completely.
NCERT Solution Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes Civics Chapter 7 Social Science Civics Democratic Politics
|Outcomes of Democracy
|Civics / sst
NCERT Solution Outcomes of Democracy Class 10 Notes Civics Chapter 7 Social Science Civics Democratic Politics
very Short answers type question
1 What do you mean by democracy?
Answer – By democracy, we mean such a government that is run by the representatives elected by the people.
2 What is an undemocratic government?
Answer- The government which is run without the participation of the people is called an undemocratic government.
3 What is meant by transparency?
Answer-When every work is done honestly and according to rules, it is called transparency.
4. Name a country where more than half of the population lives in poverty.
5 How should the relationship between the majority and the minority be in a democracy?
Answer- In a democracy, the majority should not impose its views on the minority, rather it should walk together so that there is no bitterness.
6. What are the four common features found in democratic countries?
(a) Each has a formal constitution.
(b) Elections are held here.
(c) They have political parties here.
(d) Some basic rights are guaranteed to the citizens here.
7. Write two merits of a democratic government.
(a) This government is elected by the people, whoever wins in the election forms its government.
(b) This government is of the people and works for the people.
8. Write two demerits of democratic government.
Ans- (a) It takes a long time to take a decision.
(b) These governments have failed to control corruption.
9 What do you understand by dictatorship?
Ans- Voluntarily carried out by some particular person or group of persons. The government is called a dictatorship.
Short answer type questions
1. How does democracy constitute an accountable, responsible, and legitimate government?
Answer- Democracy is accountable, responsible, and accountable to the people for the following reasonsForms the government
(a) It is democracy which makes possible the establishment of a responsible government. Such a government follows the rules and regulations and is accountable to the people. The day such a government loses its majority in the Legislature, it has to resign on the same day.
(b) It is a democracy in which the government acts responsibly and takes care of the interests of the people. Democracy only makes it possible that people can get information about the government and its work under the right to information. In democracy itself, opposition political parties can freely criticize the policies of the government and make it more transparent and responsible.
(c) Democracy makes possible the legitimacy of the government. When any government comes in minority, it has to resign because its validity ends.
(d) The next government comes into existence only when it gets its majority in the next elections. without gaining the confidence of the people government cannot be formed. Here the election process imposes on the legitimacy of the government which is possible only in a democracy.
2. Write the main features of a democratic government.
Answer- The main features of a democratic government- A democratic government has some of its own characteristics, some of which are listed below- Reins
(a) The members elected by the people are responsible for the governance of the country and they take all the major decisions themselves.
(b) Elections are held in a democracy fairly and freely and the existing rulers can be changed by the election whenever they want.
(c) The third feature of democracy is that it has the right to vote equally all people according to the rules of the adult franchise.
(u) Government chosen by-election on a fixed foundation by the constitution works within the limits of civil rights.
3. Why is democracy called the best form of government?
Or, a democratic form of government is definitely different from other forms of government.is better. Give arguments in favor of this statement.
Or, Mention four main features of democracy.
Or Why do people like democracy more?
Answer- On the basis of the following qualities, democracy gets a better governance system-
(a) Governance based on public opinion – This governance is run according to the general will of the public and takes into account the wishes of each individual.
(b) Promoter of equality and freedom- Under democracy, there is no discrimination of caste, religion, gender, etc. Citizens are considered equal before the law. All the citizens are given the freedom to hold their thoughts and meetings etc.
(C) Increase in the dignity of the individual In this all citizens are considered equal. Everyone lives with dignity. He is not given with contempt, whether he belongs to any caste, religion, color, language, profession, etc.
(d) It provides a way to avoid collisions and there is scope for improvement. much discussion in a democracyOnly decisions is taken in which there is an opportunity to correct mistakes. This also avoids conflicts.
4.”Democracy cannot reduce the inequality of income among its citizens.’ Give arguments for or against the above statement.
It is true that democracies reduce economic equality among its citizens.can’t. In a democracy, although equal rights and equal opportunities for development are available to all citizens, in practice there is a huge difference between rich-poor and educated-uneducated people.
In India, on the one hand, there are capitalists like Tata, Birla, Ambani brothers, and L.N. Mittal, and on the other hand, there are crores of people who do not even get bread for two times. Similarly, in a country like America, the top 20% of people have 50% of the national income while the bottom 20% have only 4% of the national income. Almost the same situation is found in countries like South Africa, Brazil, Russia, Britain, Denmark, Hungary, etc.
Thus, we can say that democracy has failed to remove economic inequalities.
5. Only industrial countries can bear the burden of a democratic system but poor countries need dictatorship for economic development. the above statements give arguments for or against.
Answer: According to many people, it is not correct to say that only industrial countries bear the burden of the democratic system, economic development to poor countries takes a dictator to do that.
He says that the economic rate in dictatorial countries may be better than in democratic countries, but there is a lack of values, so dictatorship cannot be favored. A simple life of respect is better than a good life of dishonor.
It is not that there are no dictatorial countries, then it is better to live in a poor country in a democracy. One can live peacefully and sleep peacefully.
Economic development is not linked only to democracy and dictatorship. Many other factors are also responsible for economic development, such as the size of the country’s population, geographical and global location, cooperation with other countries, and economic priorities set by the country, etc.
6. The government of 6 poor countries should spend more of their resources on industries and basic economic infrastructure instead of reducing poverty and on food, clothing, health, and education. * Give arguments in favor or against the above statement.
Answer – There is the freedom to say anything in a democracy, so some people also say that the government of poor countries should spend more of their resources to reduce poverty. And instead of spending on food, clothing, health, and education, industries should be spent on basic economic infrastructure.
But it is not correct to say so. The government of poor countries both attention should be paid to the development of natural and human resources. Where they should turn their attention toward industries and basic economic infrastructure. Equally, it should be given to the development of human resources.
That is, it should spend its resources on reducing poverty and also on food, clothing, health, and education. If people are educated then they will also prove beneficial in the development of industries and basic economic infrastructure.
7. In a democracy, all citizens have the right to vote. What it meant is believed that there is no dominance and conflict in a democracy.” The above gives arguments for or against the statement.
Answer – There is a lot of truth in this statement because everyone has the right to vote in a democracy, so there is no dominance and conflict in a democracy. If those contesting elections want the votes of the rich, then they also need the votes of the poor. Thus political parties maintain harmony between the two classes. Still, if any differences do arise, they can be best resolved in a democracy where everyone’s feelings are taken into account.
8 Economic equality among citizens, both rich and poor in democratic countries. Give arguments for or against the above statement.
Ans- Economic inequality among citizens is there in both rich and poor democracies. The democratic system depends on political equality. In real life, democratic systems have not been very successful in reducing economic inequalities. As a result, while the top 20% of a rich country like the US has a 50% national share, the bottom 20% only have a 4% share.
This disparity in income is also found in developing countries like Brazil. While the top 20% have 63% of the national income, the bottom 20% have only 2.6%. This means that economic inequality is found in the citizens of both rich and poor countries. Democracy has not proved to be so successful in this matter, but the situation can be improved by continuous efforts. And that too only in democratic countries and not in dictatorship-dominated countries.
A large number of farmers are committing suicide in various states of India. Explain.
Answer – A large number of farmers are committing suicide in different states of India. Are. In fact, it is a matter of great concern and a great threat to democracy. There are challenges, but facing challenges is the biggest success of democracy.
We have to know the reasons why farmers are committing suicide. We have to ensure the availability of capital to such people at cheap rates, save them from the clutches of moneylenders and waive land tax if crops are destroyed due to natural causes. If electricity is also made available to them at cheap rates, then it will be icing on the cake.
10 Why can we call India an indirect democracy?
Answer- Direct democracy can run only where there is less area and less population. India is a vast country with a huge population. People of the whole country cannot make laws or take decisions sitting at one place. These days the number of voters has increased a lot. The needs and problems of the people have also increased.
Along with this, government machinery has also become complicated. In such a situation, it would be beneficial for India to adopt indirect democracy. People elect their representatives, who make laws and take decisions. That is why India is called an indirect democratic country.
11. Explain the difference between direct and indirect democracy.
Answer- Direct democracy- In a direct democracy, all adult citizens gather in one place and select their rulers directly. Direct votes are cast on the imposition of taxes, the making of laws, and the outline of administrative works. In this way, the actions of the state are directly stamped by the people. Elected representatives do not work in this.
Indirect democracy In an indirect democracy, the country has a large area and a large number of people. Now people are involved in the process of making laws and taking decisions through their representatives. After every five years, adult citizens elect their representatives and send them to the Legislature. If a representative does not perform well, then next time he is not selected, and another chance is given. In this way, the people have direct control over the government.
12 What are the main causes of poverty in India? Write any four.
Answer- Following are the causes of poverty in India-
(a) Low level of national product – the total national product of India PopulationKey is very low. Because of this also the per capita income in India is low. There is a comparison.
(b) Increase in population Due to the rapid increase in population, there is a rapid division of property of the people. Per capita land with the farmers is becoming very less.
(c) Inadequacy of capital Capital is not available in sufficient quantity in India. In the absence of capital, Indian agriculture, industry, means of transport and other practices do not get proper income.
(d) Unemployment- Due to the continuous increase in population, a situation of chronic unemployment and semi-unemployment has arisen here. Even more than educated unemployment in India, there is a problem of invisible unemployment in agriculture. The problem of unemployment is the main cause of poverty.
(e) Lack of proper industrialization India is very backward from the industrial point of view. That’s why only 3 percent of India’s working population is engaged in large-scale industries.
13 How does democracy protect the dignity and freedom of the citizens? Discuss.
Ans- (a) Everyone wants to get respect from the people around him.
(b) In a democratic system, citizens have full freedom of speech and expression of their views.
(c) In a democratic system, all political parties are allowed to function freely in elections, before and after elections. (d) All classes and religions are respected in a democratic system.
14 Democracy is more successful in reducing economic disparitiesCould not happen, why?
Ans- (a) Democratic system is based on the majority. The number of poor in any country is high, who are easy to influence in their favor. Therefore, the poor are seen as a vote bank by the parties. As a result, political parties are willfully indifferent to the poor or to reducing or eliminating economic inequality.
(b) Rapid growth of population is also a hindrance in removing economic disparities. In principle, the development of resources is not as fast. occurs, the faster the population increases. Governments have not been able to achieve the expected success in arresting the increase in population, as a result of which economic inequality has not been removed.
Long answer type questions
1 Under what conditions does democracy handle social diversity and harmonize them?
Answer – There is no single country in the world where religion, caste, language or economic status there should be no discrimination on the basis of But it is possible only in a democracy that mutual harmony has been created in the diversities and differences of the types:-
(a) It is possible only in a democracy that people speaking different languages are given a chance to develop their own language. Each language can open its own private schools and promote its own language. There are many Tamil schools in Delhi, schools imparting education in the Urdu language, and schools imparting education in Punjabi and other languages. Together they are doing educational work with love.
(b) It is possible only in a democracy that people from all economic strata there are equal rights to vote, there is no difference between rich and poor.
(c) It is possible only in a democracy that along with men, women have equal voting rights and women can run their own businesses has full rights.
(d) It is possible only in a democracy that people of every religion have made their own place of religion and can worship in their own way. In government schools and colleges, students of every religion are given education without any discrimination and there is no discrimination against anyone in government jobs.
(e) Democracy only makes it possible that people of any caste and religion can travel together in buses, trains, etc. There is no restriction on staying in hotels or any other place.
(f) Democracy makes it possible that the people of the multi-party to stand with the minority they walk together and both respect each other’s feelings.
2. Write some common features of non-democratic governments.
Answer- The following are some common features of non-democratic governments, such as Myanmar, Nigeria, and Pakistan governments-
(a) In non-democratic governments, the people are responsible for the government and its policies.Can’t, for doing so they are given many tortures, and are pushed into jail.
(b) In non-democratic governments, the ruler, be it a king or a military chief, is all-powerful.
(c) No place for opposition parties in non-democratic governments or countries would. There only one political party can survive which is the government. I am going to say yes.
(d) There is no permission for workers and artisans to form unions in non-democratic governments. Only such organizations can flourish there which are approving of the policies of the government.
(e) In non-democratic countries, all people are at the mercy of the king and the military leader. are on They can punish them whenever they want, arrest them, and put them in jail.Can also send it.
(f) In non-democratic countries, an ordinary citizen cannot achieve any high position on his own. If he kills his conscience and keeps saying yes yes, he can achieve anything.
1 What do you understand by the Right to Information?
Answer-Right to get information about the government and its workings is called the Right to Information.
2 In which system of governance is a harmonious social system possible?
Answer-Knowledge-harmonious social system or people’s love for each other is possible only in a democracy.
3 To maintain dignity and freedom which two classes of the Indian Constitution have you tried?
Answer- (a) The women’s class has been neglected for a long time.
(b) weaker and discriminated castes from whom unjust treatment continued.