NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy

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Ncert Lifelines of the National Economy Class 10 Notes Geography Chapter 7 Question Answer

Chapter NameLifelines of the National Economy
Medium English
Study MaterialsQuestion Answer

very short answers type questions

NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Question Answer
NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Question Answer

1 Why is transport necessary?

Answer- Transport is the basis of the economy of a country. Transport is a means of transport. It helps in the development of agriculture and industry, trade, and communication. It helps in the internal and external security of a country.

2 Write the names of four modes of transport.

Answer – Four means of transport-

(a) Road transport, (b) Rail transport, (c) Air transport, (d) Water transport.

3. Why are means of communication necessary for life?

Answer – Communication is helpful for any person to talk to another person. It conveys the news of the country and abroad to the people.

It helps in the development of transport, industry, and trade. It helps in the internal and external security of a country. It is the main means of entertainment for people. For all these reasons it becomes necessary for life.

4. Name the four means of communication. 

Answer- Four means of communication-

  • (a) Television,
  • (b) radio,
  • (c) newspapers,
  • (d) post.

5 What is mass communication?

Answer- Information can be conveyed to many people simultaneously by some means of communication. This is called mass communication. For example, radio, television, newspapers, etc.

6. The network of railways in the vast plains of India from the mountainous regions of the Himalayaswhy more

The Uta Himalayan mountainous region is a very remote area where laying railway lines by cutting mountain rocks and filling valleys is very expensive and difficult. The plains of India are mostly flat where the railway makes a significant contribution. It is the main means of transportation of people.

7 What are the problems facing the Indian Railways today?

Ans- Traveling without a ticket, repeatedly stopping the train by pulling the chain whichrailwayMisappropriation and theft of property, etc.

State the advantages of pipelines in the transportation of petroleum and natural gas.

 Ans-(a) Crude oil can be easily transported through pipelines to far-away oil refineries and natural gas to fertilizer factories.

(b) There is less possibility of wastage of petroleum and natural gas when transported through pipelines.

9 What is National Highway?

Answer- The roadways connecting one state to another are called National Highways. The central government is responsible for their construction and maintenance.

10 What is called Express National Highway?

Answer- The government has planned to build a road with 4 to 6 lines. These roads have been named National Super Highways. Its objective is to make long-distance travel faster and safer.

11 Name the cities to be connected by the Golden Quadrilateral Expressway.

Answer – Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata are the cities connected by the Golden Quadrilateral Super Highway.

12 Name any four international airports in India. । 

Answer – Four International Airports of India-

(a) Delhi, (b) Kolkata, (c) Mumbai, and (d) Chennai.

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13. Name the countries associated with 13 Indian Airlines.

Answer- Names of countries associated with Indian Airlines-

  • (a) Qatar,
  • (d) U.A.E.
  • (b) Malaysia,
  • (c) Thailand,
  • (d) Pakistan,
  • (f) Bangladesh,
  • (g) Sri Lanka,
  • (k) Bhutan.
  • (h) Singapore,
  • (i) Kuwait,
  • (j) Nepal,

14 Name the major sea ports located on the east coast of India.। 

Answer – Major seaport located on the east coast of India-

  • (a) Kolkata,
  • (b) Haldia,
  • (c) Paradip,
  • (d) Kakinada.
  • (e) Visakhapatnam,
  • (d) Chennai,

15. Name two inland waterways of India.

Answer – Two inland waterways of India-

(g) Tuticorin.

(a) from Allahabad to Haldia in the river Ganga,

(b) From Sadiya to Ghubri in the river Brahmaputra.

18. Name any three zones of 18 railways along with their headquarters.

(a) Northern Railway headquarters in New Delhi

(b) South Eastern RailwayKolkata

(c) Southern Railway Chennai

19 What are the three rail gauges of India?

 Answer– (a) broad gauge rail route = 1.675 meters wide,

(b) Railroad of meter gauge = 1 meter wide,

(c) narrow gauge railways = 0.762 and 0.610 m wide.

20. Mention three merits of road transport. 

Answer- Road transport has its own special qualities which come to the fore when compared to rail transport-

(a) It is much better than rail transport as it is more flexible. Through this, you can reach from the door of the manufacturer to the house of the consumer.

(b) There are many hilly parts of our country like Kashmir, Assam, etc. Where the trains are still nonexistent. In such places, the importance of road transport increases even more.

(c) the goods brought by road transport railways shall also be allowed at the appointed places; delivers.

Short answer Type questions

1 Why are trains so important nowadays? Or, where is rail transport the most convenient mode of transport? and why?

Answer- Industries and trade have developed rapidly in the present-day economy. The development of these two cannot happen without railways. The role of railways is important in taking the goods related to agriculture to the industries and to the people. It is the main means of transportation for people.

2 State the importance of border roads. 

Answer- Importance of frontier roads-

(a) These roads prove to be very helpful in meeting the daily needs of the soldiers living in the border areas, especially those guarding the forward posts.

(b) During the war, war materials and food items were supplied to the soldiers through these roads only. And other help can be reached.

3 What do you understand by business? Explain the difference between local (national) and international trade. 

Answer – Trade – the sale and purchase of goods between people which are related to the states and the country. What happens in the interior areas is called trade. Difference between local or national and international trade – Local or national trade is called that trade where things are exchanged within the country.

For example, carrying things in one state. The currency of our country runs in it. On the contrary, when things are exchanged among different states of the world, then it is called international trade, for example, jute goods are exported to India.By sending it to other countries. International trade requires foreign exchange.

4. Giving details of the important transport network of three pipelines of IndiaDescribe the pipeline system.

The important transport network of three pipelines spread over North India can be described as follows-

  • (a) From the Upper Assam oil field to Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh, this pipeline passes through Guwahati, Barauni, and Allahabad. Its branches extend from Barauni to Rajbandh to Haldia, from Rajbandh to Maurigram, and from Siliguri to Guwahati.
  • (b) This pipeline from Salaya in Gujarat to Jalandhar in Punjab goes via Viramgam, Mathura, and Delhi-Panipat. its branches coalesce(Near Vadodara) and connect Chakshu and other places.
  • (c) Gas pipeline from Hazira in Gujarat to Jagdishpur in Uttar Pradesh – This gas pipeline passes through Bijapur in Madhya Pradesh. Its branches Kota (Rajasthan) Shahjahanpur and Uttar Basin are also pipeline linked with that. Apart from these, there are two more pipelines that run between Mumbai High and Mumbai and between Mumbai and Pune. There are proposals to lay pipelines from Kandla and Panipat, Kandla and Bina, Mumbai to Manmad, Visakhapatnam to Vijayawada, and Mangalore to Chennai via Bangalore.

5. Why is water transport cheaper than road transport? Give two reasons. 

Answer- Due to water transport being cheaper than road transport:-

  • (a) In water transport, the wear of tires, etc. is not as much as that which is done by walking on the road.
  • (b) The same amount of oil (petrol or diesel) can be carried on the road as much distance as the same oil can be carried in water because water itself keeps the boat aloft.
  • (c) There is less chance of accidents of vehicles running on water. While accidents are common thing in road vehicles.

6 Describe the problems of railways. 

Answer- Following are the problems of Railways in India-

  • (a) Railway tracks have become old, and the problem of replacing them is.
  • (b) Railway’s freight and passenger coaches have become old. in their place need repaired or new coaches
  • (c) The replacement of steam locomotives with diesel and electrified locomotives is a formidable problem.
  • (d) Conversion of tracks to single gauge is a big problem.
  • (e) Electrification of railways has become a huge problem because it requires a huge amount of money.
  • (f) A large number of passengers travel daily without a ticket. daily thanThere is a lot of economic loss.
  • (g) People delay the trains by pulling unnecessary chains, which affects the railway system. (h) Railways have to suffer huge losses due to the Rail Roko etc. movement.
  • (i) There is theft and destruction of railway property.
  • (j) The problem of delay in the transportation of goods by railways is taking a formidable form.

7. Describe the different types of roads in India.

There are different types of roads in North India. Roads can be classified as National Highways, State District Roads, Village Roads, and Border Roads. Y-way

  • (a) National Highways are roads of national importance. It connects one state to another. The construction and maintenance of these highways are done by the Central Government.
  • (b) State Highways – the responsibility of its construction and maintenance rests with the State Governments. These routes connect the state capital with district headquarters and other connections to important cities.
  • (c) The district roads connect the district headquarters with various cities and towns of the district.
  • (d) Village roads – connect villages to nearby towns and cities.
  • (e) Border Roads – These are constructed in the border areas of the country. Today the Border Roads Organization has spread its activities to other areas.

8 What is International Trade? What is the contribution of international trade to national development? Write about any two points.

Answer- International trade refers to mutual trade between two or more countries. called business.

Contribution to national development through international trade-

(a) International trade contributes a lot to the prosperity of the country, especially when many merchants and artisans engaged in this trade find means of earning a living in it.

(b) We get that valuable foreign exchange from this international trade. Which we can use to import many important items which are required by our country and industries.

9 Describe the inland waterways of India.

Answer – Waterways are the cheapest means of transport. These are more suitable for carrying heavy and space-consuming goods. India has 14,500 km of inland waterways. Out of these, mechanized boats can be run in 3700 km long waterways.

The Government of India has declared the following waterways as National Waterways- Ganga River Waterway between Allahabad and Haldia (1600 km) Brahmaputra River Waterway between Sadiya and Dhubri (891 km) West Coast Canal – between Kollam and Kottayam (168 km) Champakar Canal (14 km) Udyogmandal Canal (22 km) The last three inland waterways are in Kerala.

10. Why is air transport more important in 10 North Eastern states?

Answer- Air transport is important in the North Eastern states due to the following reasons-

  • (a) Presence of large rivers, such as the Brahmaputra.
  • (b) broken ground,
  • (c) dense forests,
  • (d) the arrival of frequent floods,
  • (e) International boundaries.

Due to the above reasons, air travel is expected in the North-Eastern states.

11. Explain the difference between transport and communication.

Answer- Difference between transport and communication-

(b) Means of transport include road, rail, air, and sea route.(b) Radio, television, newspapers, etc. are included in the means of communication.
(c) It is black-colored hard and high-density coal.(c) It is also black in color but its density is less than anthracite.

12 Explain the difference between personal communication and mass communication. 

Answer- Difference between personal communication and mass communication-

Personal communicationMass Communication
(a) There are means of personal communication which are used by individuals themselves to send messages.(a) Means of mass communication are those means by which information and messages are received by the general public.
(b) The means of personal communication are postcards, telegram, telephone, e-mail, cellular telephone, and internet.(b) Newspapers, newspapers, magazines, radio, television books, movies, and computers, etc. are included in the means of mass communication.

Long answer Type questions

1. Lifelines of the National EconomyWhy are the means of transport and communication called the lifeline and economy of a country?

Answer- The means of transport and communication are called the lifeline and economy of a country due to the following reasons-

  • (a) Transport is of great importance from the point of view of security. security forces from here are the ease of transportation.
  • (b) Transport is an important means of moving people from one place to another. This increases social mobility.
  • (c) Transport is the basis for the establishment and development of industries. of transport industries get the raw material through it and through transport from here the finished goods in the industrial units reach the markets.
  • (d) Transport is necessary for the development of agriculture and trade.
  • (e) access to important information as a result of the development of means of communication and transmission of messages to remote places has become easier.
  • (f) Modern means of communication and transport drive our country and its modern economy. Therefore, a dense and efficient transport network and means of communication are prerequisites for world, national, and local trade today. That is why these resources are called the lifelines and economy of the country.

2. Write an article on the changing trend of international trade in the last fifteen years.

  • (a) Exchange of services has increased along with the exchange of goods. And the exchange of information, knowledge, and technology has also increased. Internationally, India has emerged as a software superpower.
  • (b) importing coal from abroad in bulk with the help of information technology.
  • (c) Despite being the leading country in the production of coal, India has been earning over the years.
  • (d) Imports have increased more than exports in India in the last fifteen years. Imports of heavy goods as a group increased by 39.9 percent.
  • (e) Indian companies are expanding globally by taking steps in every sector, integrating domestic-foreign companies, and buying foreign companies.
  • (d) Information technology in the Silicon Valley of the United States today Indians account for 87% of the total professionals engaged in the system.

3. Describe the importance of means of communication in modern times.

The importance of means of communication in post-modern times is as follows-

  • (a) The means of communication allow us to easily share our written messages with the world is convenient to reach from one corner to another.
  • (b) Through them, we can sit in one city of the world, talk to people sitting in far-flung cities, and give and receive messages.
  • (c) Business deals are done sitting at any place in the world. telephone, Buying, and selling of goods through cellular telephones,s, etc. is also possible in a few minutes. can be done.
  • (d) The public gets information about various events quickly through printed newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the Internet.
  • (e) Various events can be seen happening on television.
  • (f) The means of mass communication also play a special role in forming the ideology of the people towards the government. Through these means, the welfare policies work, etc. of the government and its anti-people works, policies, etc. are also known to the public.
  • (g) The public is also entertained through these mediums.
  • (h) Information about educational and sports-related programs is received and help is given in the promotion and dissemination of education. It is only through the means of communication that we get information about natural calamities occurring in any part of the world.

4 State the difference between National Highway and State Highway. major metropolitan cities of the country is there a need for connecting main roads? 

  • North-National Highways: The main roads connecting countrywide East-West and North-South are called National Highways. These roads pass through different states and connect the main cities of those states. Thus these roads have their own national importance. They are constructed and maintained by the Central Government. Grand Trunk Road is a good example of this. This road is the largest national highway of India which connects Amritsar and Kolkata and passes through many states of India.
  • State Highways The roads connecting the state capitals with other cities of the state are called state highways. These are constructed and maintained by the state governments as these roads have special importance for the state. Ring Road in Delhi is one such state road. These roads are under the control of the state.
  • Need for main routes connecting the major metropolitan cities of the country – There is a great need for free highways connecting metropolitan cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Chennai because they do not require a quick exchange of raw materials and manufactured goods, but a large Political and business people want to move from city to another big city as soon as possible. Quick and free exchange not only increases profits but also gives mental satisfaction to the people of these cities.

Class 10 Geography Solution


Q. Name the states in which Murmugao, New- Mangalore, Paradip, and Tuticorin ports are located.

Answer – Murmugao port Goa, New-Mangalore Karnataka, Paradip Orissa Tuticorin port is located in Tamil Nadu state.

Q. Explain the meaning of a favorable trade balance. How is India’s foreign trade balance?

Answer – When a country has more exports than imports, it is called a favorable trade balance. India’s foreign trade is imbalanced i.e. in opposition.

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